​The Impact of Edentulousness on Food and Nutrient Intake (1996)

The authors collected dietary intake data about the food and nutrient intake of 49,501 male health professionals. Edentulous (those with no teeth) participants consumed fewer vegetables, less fiber and carotene, and more cholesterol, saturated fat and calories than participants with 25 or more teeth. These factors could increase the risks of cancer and cardiovascular disease. Longitudinal analyses suggest that tooth loss may lead to detrimental changes in diet.​